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Universitäts-Sternwarte München


Fakultät für Physik der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität

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Astrophysical advanced seminars
for the Master of Science in Astrophysics/Physics


Overview


Topics chosen in the WS 14/15:
Basic astrophysical concepts or Tools in modern Astrophysics  

Name Topic Date Supervisor

 
*1.  x  x  28.10  x

  2.  x  x  04.11  x

  3.  x  x  11.11  x

  4.  Roman Zitlau    18.11  
TC3  Spherical Collapse in the Expanding Universe.    Weller/Hoyle

  5.  Riccardo Bolze    25.11  
TOC4  Understanding cosmic acceleration.    Sanchez

  6.  Daniel Rahner    02.12  
TS4  Observational Constraints on the Birth Environment of our Solar System.    Preibisch

  7.  Michael Schönitzer    09.12  
TC1  Why is the cosmic microwave background fluctuation level 10-5?    Lesch

  8.  Mathias Vollmer    16.12  
TOM2  Adaptive optics and laser guide stars:
 Compensating the atmospheric turbulence for diffraction limited images.
   Gillessen

  9.  Emilio Mevius    13.01  
TL1  Cosmological Simulations of Galaxy Clusters.    Dolag

10.  Ramona Augustin    20.01  
BOG1  Properties of early-type galaxies.    Beifiori

*11.  x  x  27.01  x

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Preselected Highlight-Topics for the forthcoming semester:

1) experimentally and observationally oriented subjects

Name Topic   Supervisor          

  Instruments      

  Methods      

  Cosmology      

TOC1  How does one make precise measurements of 1 billion galaxies?    Mohr 

  Galaxy Clusters      

BOL2  What can the content of galaxy clusters tell us about the dark matter density in the Universe?    Mohr

  Galaxies      

  Stars      

BOS1  Astrometry: Useful since the times of Kepler.    Gillessen

TOS2  Intermediate-mass Black Holes.    Gillessen

  Planets      



2) theoretically and numerically oriented subjects

Name Topic Supervisor          

  Cosmology    

BC1  Imprints of Reionization on the Cosmic Microwave Background.    Weller/Hoyle

TC5  Explaining cosmic acceleration with Dark Energy.    Hoyle/Weller

TC6  Cosmic Shear: Measuring Dark Matter and Dark Energy with gravitational lensing.    Friedrich/Seitz

  Galaxy Clusters      

TL2  Galaxy evolution: From z~3 to present day.    Remus

  Galaxies      

  ISM      

  Stars      

  Planets      

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Topics chosen in the SS 15:
Basic astrophysical concepts or Tools in modern Astrophysics  

Name Topic Date Supervisor

*1.  x  x  05.05  x

  2.  x  x  12.05  x

  3.  x  x  19.05  x

*4.  x  x  26.05  x

  5.  x  x  02.06  x

  6.  x  x  09.06  x

  7.  x  x  16.06  x

  8.  x  x  23.06  x

  9.  x  x  30.06  x

10.  x  x  07.07  x

*11.  x  x  14.07  x

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Topics of the 1st Semester: Basic astrophysical concepts (B)             

Topics of the 2nd Semester: Tools in modern astrophysics (T and B)

Overview

1) theoretically and numerically oriented subjects (32 B/T)

  2) experimentally and observationally oriented subjects (29 B/T)

 

 

Instruments
3B+3T

(CCDs, large optical systems, infrared astronomy, gravitational waves, spectro-imaging)

 

 

Methods
3B+4T

(adaptive optics, corrections, reduction, c2, interferometry, image processing, difference imaging technique)

Cosmology
2B+6T

(expansion, CMB, DM, DE)

Cosmology
3T

(DE Survey, DE properties, high redshift U, nature of distant G)

Galaxy Clusters
1B+3T

(simulations, evolution, GL)

Galaxy Clusters
3B+3T

(magnetic field, DM density, mass, distribution)

Galaxies
4B+3T

(gas and dust, structures, mergers, simulations)

Galaxies
1B+1T

(stellar structure, size, brightness, mass, metals, evolution)

ISM
3B

(instabilities, spectral features, ionization)

 

 

Stars
4B+4T

(formation, IMF, WLR, spectra, clumping, SEDs)

Stars
2B+2T

(astrometry, clusters, populations, IMBHs)

Planets
1B+1T

(formation, disk evolution)

Planets
1B

(detection)

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1) theoretically and numerically oriented subjects (B and T)

Name Topic   Supervisor


 Cosmology
     

BC1  Imprints of Reionization on the Cosmic Microwave Background.    Weller/Hoyle 

BC2  Gunn-Peterson effect.    Alig

TC1  Why is the cosmic microwave background fluctuation level 10-5?    Lesch

TC2  Type Ia supernovae in modern astrophysics.    Hoffmann

TC3  Spherical Collapse in a Dark Energy Dominated Universe.    Weller/Hoyle

TC4  Dark matter and structure formation in the Universe?    Alig

TC5  Explaining cosmic acceleration with Dark Energy.    Hoyle/Weller

TC6  Cosmic Shear: Measuring Dark Matter and Dark Energy with gravitational lensing.    Friedrich/Seitz

 
 Galaxy Clusters
     

BL1  The gravitational lens effect.    Seitz

TL1  Cosmological Simulations of Galaxy Clusters.    Dolag

TL2  Galaxy evolution: From z~3 to present day.    Remus

TL3  Measuring Dark Matter with Strong Gravitational Lensing.
or
 
Weak gravitational lensing: strech & flex of galaxies.
   Seitz

 Seitz


 
 Galaxies
     

BG1  Gas and Dust in the Milky Way.    Gerhard

BG2  Are Elliptical Galaxies made by mergers?    Remus

BG3  Surface brightness profiles of elliptical galaxies.    Naab

BG4  The orbital structure of galaxies.    Thomas

TG1  Simulations of gravitating particle systems: Evolution of star clusters and galaxies.    Naab

TG2  Dynamical modeling and the structure of elliptical galaxies:
 Dark matter and the formation epoch of ellipticals.
   Thomas

TG3  Galaxy Models with NMAGIC.    Gerhard

 
 ISM
     

BI1  Hierarchy of instabilities in the Interstellar Medium.    Lesch

BI2  Theory of the formation of Stroemgren spheres.    Pauldrach

BI3  Broad and narrow lines regions in quasars.    Hoffmann


 Stars
     

BS1  Formation mechanisms of high-mass stars.    Preibisch

BS2  The Stellar Initial Mass Function.    Saro

BS3  The wind-momentum luminosity relation.    Puls

BS4  The spectral classification scheme.    Butler

TS1  Clumping in hot star winds.    Puls

TS2  Line broadening and other misdemeanours.    Butler

TS3  Spectral Energy Distributions of the first Stars and the Reionization of the universe.    Pauldrach

TS4  Observational Constraints on the Birth Environment of our Solar System.    Preibisch


 Planets
     

BP1  The Evolution of Protoplanetary Disks    Ercolano/Rosotti

TP1  The Formation of Planets.    Ercolano/Rosotti

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2) experimentally and observationally oriented subjects (B and T)

Name Topic   Supervisor


 Instruments
     

BOI1  Ritchey-Cretien-Telescopes (VLT, WST 2m, PanSTARRS):
 The impact of science on the optical design.
or
 Exploring telescope optics: How do the largest optical systems work?
   Grupp

 Riffeser


BOI2  Experimental Methods of Infrared Astronomy:
 The Key to the Galactic Center.
   Gillessen

BOI3  Detection of Gravitational Waves.    Saro 

TOI1  Astronomical CCD Cameras.
or
 
Modern eyes in astronomy - CCDs and IR detectors.
   Lang

 Gillessen


TOI2  VISIR: State-of-the-art instrumentation for thermal infrared studies.    Gillessen

TOI3  SINFONI: Spectro-Imaging and threedimensional data.    Gillessen


 Methods
     

BOM1  c2 - fitting: Seeking the most likely truth.    Gillessen

BOM2  Adaptive Optics: Correcting the atmospheric turbulence for ground- based telescopes.    Gillessen

BOM3  Getting most out of your data - Data Reduction.    Gillessen

TOM1  Optical Interferometry: Breaking the diffraction limit of individual telescopes.    Gillessen/
 Eisenhauer

TOM2  Adaptive optics and laser guide stars:
 Compensating the atmospheric turbulence for diffraction limited images.
or
 Advanced Adaptive Optics: laser guide stars and Multi-Conjugated Adaptive Optics.
   Gillessen

 Gillessen


TOM3  Advanced image processing: Deriving fundamental properties of the
 Galactic Center Supermassive Black Hole and its stellar neighborhood.
   Gillessen

TOM4  `Needles in the Heystack'
 Searching for Machos and Planets with the difference imaging technique.
   Koppenhoefer


 Cosmology
     

TOC1  How does one make precise measurements of 1 billion galaxies?    Mohr 

TOC2  Detailed views of the era when stars have formed - the high-redshift Universe.
or
 Probing the nature and evolution of distant galaxies.
   Kurk

 Kurk


TOC3  Challenges in Galaxy Shape Measurement for Weak Gravitational Lensing.    Dietrich

TOC4  Understanding cosmic acceleration.    Sanchez


 Galaxy Clusters
     

BOL1  Faraday Rotation (RM) of polarized radio emission.    Dolag

BOL2  What can the content of galaxy clusters tell us about the dark matter density in the Universe?    Mohr

BOL3  Weighing Galaxy Clusters with Weak Gravitational Lensing.    Dietrich

TOL1  Galaxy Clusters with the Wendelstein Wide Field Imager.    Seitz/Grün

TOL2  Cosmology with Galaxy Clusters.    Grün

TOL3  Cosmology from the large-scale structure of the Universe.    Sanchez


 Galaxies
     

BOG1  Properties of early-type galaxies.    Beifiori

TOG1  Early-type galaxies across the cosmic time.    Beifiori


 Stars
     

BOS1  Astrometry: Useful since the times of Kepler.    Gillessen

BOS2  Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, Colour-Magnitude diagram and globular clusters.    Riffeser

TOS1  Synthesizing stellar isochrones to observed stellar populations.    Riffeser 

TOS2  Intermediate-mass Black Holes.    Gillessen


 Planets
     

BOP1  Extra-solar Planets: The various detection methods.
or
 The Kepler Mission: Searching for a twin of the Earth.
   Koppenhoefer

 Koppenhoefer


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Last updated October 2014 by A.W.A. Pauldrach uh10107@usm.lmu.de