Comet photography gallery!
This gallery of the most beautiful images of comets with my instruments
Bismarck, Christina and ULT will be updated permanently!
All comet images can be viewed at
This page presents another view into the deep of Haleys imagery
archives and shows impressions of the following comets back to the year
1986, the year of Halley's comet : A very nice comet
also visible with the naked eye during winter 2014/15 was
C/2014 Q2 Lovejoy. In late fall 2013 both
comets ISON and C/2013 R1 Lovejoy
gained recognition and the last one was surprisingly nice. In spring 2013 comet
PanSTARRS moved towards the northern hemisphere and was
with a maximum brightness of magnitude 2 a naked eye object.
In the year 2011 and in spring 2012 the comet Garradd
was very interesting.
The comet Lulin , was visible during February 2009 pretty
well with the naked eye. The other comets presented at this page:
Holmes strengthened at the end of Oktober 2007 trough
an unbelievable outburst in brightness about 15 magnitudes,
Mc Naught , an absolutely gorgeous comet, visible in the beginning of 2007
even during daylight. It presented a spectacular show at the southern
hemisphere. The comet Machholz, the comets
Neat, Ikeya Zhang and Linear, as well as the great
comets of the nineties, Hyakutake and Hale Bopp.
Here you'll find important comet infos.
Der Comet C/2014 Q2 Lovejoy:
Comet Lovejoy at February 11th 2015:
During X-mas 2014 this comet ran straight fast towards north and
was soon a respectable object with binoculars and with a maximum brightness
of about 4.5mag also pretty well visible with the naked eye. In binoculars it
showed, like the days before, a nice, fine tail of about 1° length at a brightness
of around 5.5mag. Both images in this row of images have been done with the
16inch Cassegrain at the Mt. Wendelstein Observatory. They are showing different
interpretations of the same raw data, 7 frames in i, r and g filter 30secs each
respectively. The images have been processed that way to let the core still
visible. The interpretation of the colours was a bit different but the comet
is obviously quite greenish.
Lovejoy - irg composite
Lovejoy - contrast enhanced
|All 21 single frames have been unified in one color image and optimized for a
natural impression. Total exposure time 10min30secs, dark an flat corrected.
|Here the contrast has been enhanced for better visualization of the tail.
Processed slightly towards HDR to let the cor still visible.
The comet C/2013 R1 Lovejoy:
Comet Lovejoy at December 11th 2013:
After vaporization of ISON a few weeks ago Lovejoy entered the stage as a respectable
x-mas comet 2013 visible with naked eyes. Indeed a few shots through the Bismarck Telescope
could be made. 18 images, 20secs each, have been stacked:
Lovejoy - comet centered
Lovejoy - comet and stars
|Total exposure time 6 minutes, centered here at the comet. Partly vignetting occoured here
through the pear.
|Now again the stars are looking sharp, the tail is processed with higher contrast.
The comet ISON:
comet ISON at November 15th and 17th 2013:
ISON was awaited to be a big player with great brightness. Also the Mt. Wendelstein
Observatory was engaged in the observation campaign of the MPI for Solar System research.
The last weeks before the perihel the brightness increased and two interesting images with
the 16 inch cassegrain of the observatory could be made:
ISON November 15th 2013
ISON November 17th 2013
|11 r-filter exposures with the ST10 camera of the 16 inch cassegrains have been stacked.
Also a processing towards HDR has been made to make the "wings" inside the tail visible.
|19 r-filter exposures with the ST10 camera of the 16 inch cassegrains have been stacked..
The first of these two exposures helped Dr. Hermann Böhnhardt to prove the defragmentation
of the comets core. At November 28th the this comet ended its existence during the perihelion
passage. More detals can be viewed at the Press release on behalf of ISON of the
The comet C/2011 L4 PanSTARRS:
PanSTARRS has been discovered at June 5th 2011 with a 1.8m telescope and its
large field sky survey camera PanSTARRS at Mt. Haleakala at Hawaii.
PanSTARRS at May 15th 2013:
At the final stage of the PanSTARRS campaign I succeeded at Mai 15th to exposure the
comet through the Bismarck Telescope. 14 frames, 2mins each have been stacked. Done with the
Deep Sky Stacker and with Registax, with Registax the comet is looking more lovely. Both tails
are now clearly seperated by an angle of about 120 degrees:
PanSTARRS - centered at the comet
PanSTARRS - comet and stars
|Aligned at the comet the structures of the tail can be seen more accurate.
|The Deep Sky Stacker can display comet and stars sharp. This is looking pretty lovely.
PanSTARRS at April 15th 2013:
At April 15th it was again possible to take photographs of PanSTARRS at home. Again
at dawn through the 135mm telelens, attached on top of the small EQ mount. At least there were
clouds underway. The tails structures are now showing the dividing between dust and gas
PanSTARRS at April 8th 2013:
At April 8th PanSTARRS could be found at dawn at Mt. Wendelstein. It stood close to the
Andromeda Nebula M31. Despite of the bright sky it succeeded to display both objects together with
the 300mm lens tracked piggyback at the 16 inch cassegrain:
PanSTARRS - M31
PanSTARRS - higher contrast
|Panoramic view PanSTARRS - M31. The objects at the frame are parts of the antennae array
of the local broadcasting station at Mt. Wendelstein. Image stitched out of two frames.
|Higher contrast processed image of the comet out of the panoramic view.
PanSTARRS at March 28th 2013:
At the morning of March 28th I could watch PanSTARRS for the first time at the
morning sky. Its brightness has now faded to magnitude 3 and the size of the comet
in comparison to my first sighting at 15th has decreased about factor two. It is
moving now pretty fast away from the Sun. Observation was made again with the 16 inch
cassegrain at Mt. Wendelstein observatory and it was possible to let the EOS 350d
Photonensack equipped with the 300mm telelens riding along with the scope. Both images are
cutouts out of the same stack done out of 10 frames 20secs each at dawn:
PanSTARRS - at high contrast
PanSTARRS - natural view
|Through the high gain the faint tail gets distinct in its splendor. For preventing
too much brightness of the core a smooth editing towards HDR with The Gimp has been made.
|Similar like in this view the comet itself presents in binoculars. Also a
development towards HDR has been made here to let the core visible. At least so early in
the morning no airplanes were underway.
PanSTARRS at March 19th 2013:
Because the comet gets observed at Mt. Wendelstein too there was for the first
time a opportunity to mount the 350d equipped with the old 300mm telelens f/5.6 piggyback
to the telescope. The comet was already very close to the horizon, furthermore cirrus
clouds blurred the sight and five airplanes buzzed also during the exposures through the
field of view. Up to 12 images 29secs each have been stacked. These images are showing
also pretty impressive the dimension of PanSTARRS tail:
PanSTARRS at dusk
|Stack with Registax out of 9 frames. Many airplane artefacts had to be stamped
out with The Gimp. Display with natural twilight. The stars got elongated through the
stacking at the comets core.
|Detail out of a stack out of all 12 frames. Two airplanes had to be removed also
from the comets tail.
PanSTARRS at March 15th 2013:
At that evening it was possible to watch the comet for the first time at dusk from the
Allgaeu region. It had a magnitude of 2 and was pretty well visible with the naked eye. The
first row of images shows impressions above the forest. Stacking was pretty hard, Deep Sky
Stacker didn't work well here. This versions had been stacked by using The Gimp and Registax.
There is also a Gif
animation of the setting of the comet (size 3Mb). The single shots have been made with
stable camera without tracking:
PanSTARRS at dusk
PanSTARRS - Registax stacked
|Stacked with The Gimp for getting sharp stars also. Through the handmade stacking
process the forest looks not so blurred.
|Stacked with Registax at the comets core. The stars here are looking slightly elongated.
The background noise seems to be reduced compared to the other image. Total exposure length is
A few minutes later the location had to be changed for watching the setting of the
comet till the end. From the created stack out of 7 single frames 3.2secs each I've worked out
a composite image with a single shot of the foreground wich represents the natural view really
PanSTARRS at setting
PanSTARRS above the Allgaeu
|Stack out of 7 single frames, therefore the foreground looks blurred.
|Composite image with a 20 seconds exposed single shot.
The comet C/2009 P1 Garradd:
Garradd at March 28th 2012:
In spring 2012 Garradd showed again its splendor. Whilst both tails pointed almost
in the same direction last fall, now there are standing in right angle together because
the comet has moved a lot of distance on its course around the Sun. In my opinion Garradd
didn't gained brightness the last six months, it was barely visible with the naked eye.
The following images have been created with the Bismarck telescope and stacked with the
Deep Sky Stacker out of seven single frames 180secs each:
Garradd - comet centered
Garradd - comet and stars stacked
|Stack centered at the comet, stars appearing side by side.
|Stack centered at comet and stars.
The different stacking methods generated again interesting views. During stacking
of comet and stars artefacts were created which could be removed almost completely with
The Gimp. A galaxy located inside the comets corona appears bluish coloured.
Garradd at September 30th 2011 at the 27. ITT:
Garradd - Comet centered
Garradd - Stars centered
Garradd - Comet and stars stacked
|Stack with Deep Sky Stacker centered at the comet, stars appearing elongated.
|Stack with Registax centered at the stars, core of the comet is slightly
elongated, but doesn't matter.
|Stack with Deep Sky Stacker centered at comet and stars.
These row of images is showing different variations of the comet C/2009P1 Garradd, first
stacked at the stars then at the core and finally at both features. The Deep Sky Stacker
is able to do both procedures. All stacks are based on the same five single frames focal shots
through the Christina telescope. The overall exposure time was 14m30s. Because of the final
processing stage with The Gimp the images have small variations in colour and contrast.
The images pictured above have been created at the
International Telescope Meeting at the Emberger Alm in Carinthia. It seems to me that
the comet has increased a little bit in brightness and tail length in the week since the 21st.
At least the view in the 10 inch Christina was here slightly better than in the 13 inch scope a
week before. Indeed the comet had two tails visible also at the images and will increase in
brightness until 2012 and become a pretty spectacular object. It's worthwile to keep an eye at
the informations about this interesting comet presented at the page of the
section comets of the VDS.
Garradd at September 21st 2011:
Garradd - centered at comet and stars
Garradd - only stars stacked
Garradd - comet stacked
|Stack at comet and stars with Deep Sky Stacker out of three single frames.
Complete exposure time 9m46s from 23:20 til 23:40 hours.
|Stack only at the stars out of six single frames. One can see the motion of
the comet. Complete exposure time 16m25s.
|Now the stacking has been done only at the comet with Registax. The six
images have been shot between 22:10 and 23:40 hours.
At September 21st the comet was bright enough to be seen well with our smallest
binoculars but just not with the naked eye. With the 13 inch Bismarck Telescope it
looked impressive from the Allgäu, had a faint tail like shown in the pictures above
which have been shot during this evening.
Garradd at September 12th 2011:
Garradd RGB version
|15 single frames with the ST10 camera at the 16 inch survey telescope of the
Mt. Wendelstein Observatory, each 5x200s in B, 5x120s in r, 5x120s in i
filter have been stacked together.
Garradd is bright and interesting enough that we've taken a view through
the 16 inch Cassegrain at this object. Colourful single stars again have been
created through sequential exposing of the colour channels during stacking at the
wandering comet. The raw images have been taken from our night observer Michael Schmidt.
The comet C/2007 N3 Lulin:
Lulin at March 4th 2009:
Lulin RGB version 1
Lulin RGB version 2
|15 single frames done with the 16 inch scope at Mt. Wendelstein with r g
and B filters, 60secs each, combined to a colour image.
|To this 15 frames two supplemental 120secs images have been added,
different adjustment of contrast and brightness.
With the 16 inch telescope at the Mt. Wendelstein Observatory I've also
exposed Lulin. The camera there installed takes b/w images through colour
filters. Therefore RGB images have to be generated via stacking thus
generating the funny colour effects at the stars, because all images have been
centered at the comet. Also a
Gif animation done out of all 17 single frames was made. Filesize of
this animation is already 4.5Mb!
Lulin at February 28th 2009:
|Seven single images 180secs each stacked at the stars and at Lulin
and then assembled to a composite image.
|Now all seven single images stacked only at the comet.
|Image number 3 of the series is a single frame 200secs exposured.
From the Allgäu region Lulin glared very impressive and was also
visible pretty well with the naked eye. The images above have been made through
the good old 400mm Beroflex lens and were stacked out of 7 single images,
centered first at the comet than stacking starfield and comet seperately and
finally combined together again. One single image is showing in comparison a
unmanipulated view. The comets path through the stars is shown impressive by
this Gif animation (2.4Mb in
size). In between also clouds came by.
The Comet 17P/Holmes:
Holmes, November 1st 2007:
with outer coma
|The diameter is now ca 12 arcminutes. Stack out of 11x20s
|The outer regions are again displayed here.
Holmes is now filling the 350D field of view in Bismarck's focal plane
almost completely. The single frames also from October 28th have been shot with
20 and 10secs. The impression was most spectacular, even with naked eye or
binoculars. At the
Astrotreff there is by now a great image gallery.
Holmes at October 28th 2007:
With 400mm lens
|False nucleus and coma of the comet with a diameter of ca 5 arcminutes and
plenty of structure.
|Composite view, made of longer exposed single frames and short exposed
images to show further structures.
|Early December its virtual diameter is one and a half time greater than
the full moon and doesn't match Bismarcks's field of view.
After a longer period of bad weather I could see Holmes at
October 28th for the very first time and was overwhelmed of its enormous
brightness. With it's 2.6mag it is an easy object for the naked eye. The burst
in brightness caused an increasing of brightness at the factor 1000000! The
comet is circling between Mars and Jupiter and has therefore a slow movement. In
a telescope a gorgeous view. Both images are showing a 70% crop.
Comet Mc Naught C/2006 P1:
Mc Naught at January 21st 2007:
Moon and Venus
Tail structures of...
...comet Mc Naught!
|Moon and Venus during dusk at the Mt. Wendelstein.
|At ongoing dusk faint tail streamers of Mc Naught became visible.
|Structures of the "aurora australis" are shown more explicit at this
summary image made of 7 pictures.
During the evening of January 21st there was an opportunity to catch
the comets tail again instead of the fact that the comet has been
disappeared deep at the southern hemisphere. At very good transparency the
synchron streamers turned visible although the comet was at that time 30°
below horizon and presented at the southern hemisphere a great show. Images
of the ESO from Paranal mountain can be admired
here. In addition the discoverer, Rob Mc Naught himself,
has a great
Photo gallery of the comet. At the
Astrotreff this thread covers our visibility of the tail. There you'll
find images from munich amateur astronomers and also from myself. After
this day the tail became invisible in moonlight and Mc Naught left us behind.
Finally there is yet a nice
from the single frames. (filesize about 2Mb!). It shows also the motion of
the tails synchron streamers with earth rotation, while the clouds are moving
from west to east.
Mc Naught at January 13th 2007:
1st evening sighting
Mc Naught in...
... 400 telelens
|At home Mc Naught was clearly visible instantly after sunset.
|In the 400 telelens the comet is pretty impressive and close to the
|At increasing darkness the contrast gets better.
At the evening of January 13th with excellent horizontal conditions I
watched out for Mc Naught with telelens and binoculars at the fields beyond
the Bismarck Observatory. The comet could be found almost instantly. Indeed it
has been visible during the whole day, although I didn't know it! The series
shows the comet brightening at increasing dusk. At the next row the last
image, very close to the horizon and an evening mood after disappearing of
Close to horizon
|Short before setting Mc Naught is fading.
|A few minutes later the comet has disappeared and the mood could be
Mc Naught at January 10th 2007:
Mc Naught is close...
...above the mountains
|Short after sunset this view with mountains and Zugspitze is really
|Shortly later the surprisingly bright comet is for the first time easy
visible with the naked eye.
|Spectacularly Mc Naught dives throuht the clouds towards the
horizon. The tail has a lenght of more than five degrees!
Mc Naught needed a little time to brighten up. During Xmas it was
fuzzy, faint and close to the sun. But after its rise in brightness in early
2007, and with more northern declination, it became pretty good visible.
Standing higher in the sky this comet could have been really impressive.
The opportunity for observation resulted at January 10th at Mt. Wendelstein
with the Casio QV 5700. Exposure times were about 1 second. Shortly before
setting the following little panoramic shot with Venus was made:
Comet Machholz C/2004q2:
Machholz - Canon Ixus
Machholz, almost impressive
Machholz - Bismarck at focus
This images of comet Machholz have been done with the Canon Ixus,
thus on slide film. The Ixus shot, made afocal at Bismarck, has been created
from 16 stacked images. Comet Machholz c/2004q2 started in Dezember 2004 as
a respectable Xmas comet and reached finally a brightness of about 3 mag.
the passage of the comet close to the Plejades cluster was impressive.
During this exposure on Fuji 200 the 400 telelens has been used. The 4th
image at this row has also been shot focally through Bismarck. More
comet links are visibly there.
During creation of the Fuji 200 images, at the same time images at
Kodak Panther 1600 have been made. Only the half exposure times was used
there (about 15 and 4 minutes). The next row is showing this images:
Machholz - Bismarck at focus
Some comets of the younger past:
Comet C/ Neat
Comet A2 Linear
Comet Ikeya Zhang
|Neat was the brightest Comet in spring 2004.
|A pretty comet was A2 Linear.
|Ikeya Zhang has been the brightest comet of the new Millenium since
early 2007. In spring 2002 it was visible with the naked eye.
The comets Hale Bopp and Hyakutake:
Towards the end of the nineties two very spectacular comets
arrived in the sky, not only visible with the naked eye, in fact they gained
with there enormous brightness and conspicuity the interest of people and
press. 1996 Hyakutake crossed the sky with a tail length of ca 100 degrees!
Soon after this Hale Bopp ruled the sky.
Hale Bopp at focus
Hale Bopp above Munich
Hale Bopp 400 telelens
|Hale Bopp, seen with Christina
|Hale Bopp rules the sky, seen here from Mt. Wendelstein.
|Hale Bopp, shot through the 400 telelens.
Hyakutakes full glory
Hale Bopp 400 telelens
|The 135 lens shows the enormous tail length of this comet.
|Hyakutakes core at Christinas focus.
|Hale Bopp, here still unimpressive, seen from Namibia.
Halley was my personal step into the world of comet observing.
This comet was also the reason for the first astro voyage to the south,
Halley was only there good visible. This first spechtling expedition led
us 1986 to Teneriffa. The images made there have been created under
primitive technical conditions without any motor driven guiding!
Halley - 300 telelens
Halley and Milky Way
|Halley was the first comet I was able to observe with the naked
|Close to dawn this spectacular view of the comet east of Milky Way has
An interesting link to the comet theme:
Actual comet infos you'll find at the
comets of the VdS.