by Lennart Reb and Klaus Dolag

 

In a collaboration with the PARSEC group at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, we investigate the central sub-arcsec region of the low-luminosity active galactic nucleus (LLAGN) NGC 1052, covering 10 orders of magnitude in frequency. This prototypical, nearby LLAGN is an ideal case to shed some light on the internal changes that are predicted in LLAGNs, the most abundant group of AGNs in the Local Universe.
 
The high-angular resolution data allow us to infer the continuum emission within ~13 pc around the black hole to be not dominated by thermal emission from dust in a torus (grey line) as measured in Seyfert 2 AGNs. Instead, the compact jet–disc model representation (black thin line) captures the prominent features of the continuum emission.
 
 
 
 
The individual model components are synchrotron emission (blue dashed line) and synchrotron self Comptonisation (cyan double-dot-dashed line) of the thermalised plasma, synchrotron emission of the accelerated plasma (green dash-dotted line), and the (maximum contribution of a) standard accretion disc (orange dotted line). This jet representation suggests that non-thermal processes dominate the nuclear continuum emission and thus the continuum luminosity.
 
We further investigate the power balance in the LLAGN NGC 1052, finding that the accretion power of this standard disc, i.e. the power equivalent of the accretion rate, is too low by one order of magnitude to account for the observed continuum luminosity (light blue line). However, an optically thick and geometrically thin accretion disc is an integral component of the Unified Model for AGNs, required to feed the subsequent processes.
 
Any hotter standard accretion disc, i.e. with a higher accretion power, violates the spectral limits of optical/UV measurements (approximated by a power law, dark-green dotted line). We thus introduce a truncated accretion disc and derive a truncation radius to mass-light conversion efficiency relation, which we use to reconcile the inferred accretion power with the continuum luminosity. As a result we find that a truncated disc (red line) providing the necessary accretion power must be truncated at , which is consistent with the inner radius derived from the observations of the Fe Kα line in the X-ray spectrum of this nucleus. This evidence for a truncated accretion disc contributes to an ongoing discussion about the physical changes in LLAGNs, advancing our understanding of the participating processes in these objects.
 
 

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Highlights

  The central parsecs of the low-luminosity active galaxy NGC 1052: evidence for a truncated accretion disc
   A UNIQUE DATA CENTRE FOR COSMOLOGICAL SIMULATIONS
Clusters of Small Clumps in High-Redshift Disk Galaxies
Magneticum Pathfinder: The evolution of the universe in an unmatched extend
The complex Interplay between Spin, Mass, and Morphology in Galaxies The complex Interplay between Spin, Mass, and Morphology in Galaxies
Magneticum sheds new light on recently discovered Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs) Magneticum sheds new light on recently discovered Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs)
A Disk-Disk Major Merger Event in a Cosmological Hydrodynamical Zoom-Simulation A Disk-Disk Major Merger Event in a  Cosmological Hydrodynamical Zoom-Simulation
The formation of filamentary bundles in turbulent molecular
  clouds The formation of filamentary bundles in turbulent molecular clouds
G2 modelled as a mass-losing source of gas G2 modelled as a mass-losing source of gas
Supernova-driven galactic winds Supernova-driven galactic winds
Dark-halo spheroid conspiracy The Dark Halo-Spheroid Conspiracy and the Origin of Elliptical Galaxies
Julius Donnert receives PhD award of AG Phd Award 2012 of the Astronomische Gesellschaft
CAST group outing 2012 CAST group outing 2012
Evolution of the Galactic Centre Cloud G2 Evolution of the Galactic Centre Cloud G2
Dr.Hanna Kotarba receives the Universe PhD award Universe Cluster PhD Thesis Award 2011
Evolution of Molecular Clouds in Spiral Galaxies Evolution of Molecular Clouds in Spiral Galaxies by Clare Dobbs
Globular Clusters vs. Black Hole Mass Relation Globular Clusters Black Hole Correlation by Andreas Burkert
Cosmological Resimulations Cosmological Resimulations by Ludwig Oser
Star Formation in the Galactic Centre Star Formation in the Galactic Centre by Christian Alig
A New Model for the Antennae Galaxies A New Model for the Antennae Galaxies by Simon Karl
Simulating the Bullet Cluster Simulating the Bullet Cluster by Chiara Mastropietro
Triggered Star Formation Triggered Star Formation by Matthias Gritschneder
The Mystery of Sedna The Mystery of Sedna by Hagen Schulte in den Bäumen
The Formation of Fossil Galaxy Groups The Formation of Fossil Galaxy Groups in the hierarchical Universe by Elena D'Onghia
Molecular Cloud Formation in Colliding Flows Molecular Cloud Formation in Colliding Flows by Fabian Heitsch
Planet-Disk Interaction Comparison of hydro codes on planet-disk interaction problem by Pawel Ciecielag
Galactic Orbits Orbital Structure of Galaxies in N-Body Simulations by Roland Jesseit

by K. Dolag & A. Ragagnin

 

In close collaboration with the Excellence Cluster Universe and the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, we now initiated "Cosmowebportal". This unique data centre for cosmological simulations provides access to the results of the world's most extensive set of cosmological hydrodynamic simulations, Magneticum Pathfinder. The complete simulations are saved at the LRZ in Garching on a data store for large datasets, which is connected to the supercomputer SuperMUC. Using a web interface, interested scientists can, for example, select objects from the raw simulation data, process it and even create virtual observations mimicking existing or future space telescopes.

 

 

Visualizations of the simulated distributions of gas and stars in the Universe from data provided by Cosmowebportal: The cube represents a space section of the Universe (more than 300 million light years), the bright spots on the cube faces show galaxies and galaxy clusters along the cosmic web. The first two disks zoom into the central galaxy cluster, the third disk (far right) demonstrates how an observation of the zoom area would look with an X-ray telescope ("virtual telescope"). Image Credits: P. Baintner und H. Brüchle (LRZ)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Showcase

 

 
Further information:

Press release: Excellence Cluster Universe
http://c2papcosmosim.lrz.de/
www.magneticum.org

Original publication:
Ragagnin et al.: „A web portal for hydrodynamical, cosmological simulations”,
Astronomy and Computing, Vol. 20, July 2017; online 6 June 2017

 

Highlights

  The central parsecs of the low-luminosity active galaxy NGC 1052: evidence for a truncated accretion disc
   A UNIQUE DATA CENTRE FOR COSMOLOGICAL SIMULATIONS
Clusters of Small Clumps in High-Redshift Disk Galaxies
Magneticum Pathfinder: The evolution of the universe in an unmatched extend
The complex Interplay between Spin, Mass, and Morphology in Galaxies The complex Interplay between Spin, Mass, and Morphology in Galaxies
Magneticum sheds new light on recently discovered Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs) Magneticum sheds new light on recently discovered Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs)
A Disk-Disk Major Merger Event in a Cosmological Hydrodynamical Zoom-Simulation A Disk-Disk Major Merger Event in a  Cosmological Hydrodynamical Zoom-Simulation
The formation of filamentary bundles in turbulent molecular
  clouds The formation of filamentary bundles in turbulent molecular clouds
G2 modelled as a mass-losing source of gas G2 modelled as a mass-losing source of gas
Supernova-driven galactic winds Supernova-driven galactic winds
Dark-halo spheroid conspiracy The Dark Halo-Spheroid Conspiracy and the Origin of Elliptical Galaxies
Julius Donnert receives PhD award of AG Phd Award 2012 of the Astronomische Gesellschaft
CAST group outing 2012 CAST group outing 2012
Evolution of the Galactic Centre Cloud G2 Evolution of the Galactic Centre Cloud G2
Dr.Hanna Kotarba receives the Universe PhD award Universe Cluster PhD Thesis Award 2011
Evolution of Molecular Clouds in Spiral Galaxies Evolution of Molecular Clouds in Spiral Galaxies by Clare Dobbs
Globular Clusters vs. Black Hole Mass Relation Globular Clusters Black Hole Correlation by Andreas Burkert
Cosmological Resimulations Cosmological Resimulations by Ludwig Oser
Star Formation in the Galactic Centre Star Formation in the Galactic Centre by Christian Alig
A New Model for the Antennae Galaxies A New Model for the Antennae Galaxies by Simon Karl
Simulating the Bullet Cluster Simulating the Bullet Cluster by Chiara Mastropietro
Triggered Star Formation Triggered Star Formation by Matthias Gritschneder
The Mystery of Sedna The Mystery of Sedna by Hagen Schulte in den Bäumen
The Formation of Fossil Galaxy Groups The Formation of Fossil Galaxy Groups in the hierarchical Universe by Elena D'Onghia
Molecular Cloud Formation in Colliding Flows Molecular Cloud Formation in Colliding Flows by Fabian Heitsch
Planet-Disk Interaction Comparison of hydro codes on planet-disk interaction problem by Pawel Ciecielag
Galactic Orbits Orbital Structure of Galaxies in N-Body Simulations by Roland Jesseit

 

Highlights - Scrollbar

  The central parsecs of the low-luminosity active galaxy NGC 1052: evidence for a truncated accretion disc
   A UNIQUE DATA CENTRE FOR COSMOLOGICAL SIMULATIONS
Clusters of Small Clumps in High-Redshift Disk Galaxies
Magneticum Pathfinder: The evolution of the universe in an unmatched extend
The complex Interplay between Spin, Mass, and Morphology in Galaxies The complex Interplay between Spin, Mass, and Morphology in Galaxies
Magneticum sheds new light on recently discovered Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs) Magneticum sheds new light on recently discovered Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs)
A Disk-Disk Major Merger Event in a Cosmological Hydrodynamical Zoom-Simulation A Disk-Disk Major Merger Event in a  Cosmological Hydrodynamical Zoom-Simulation
The formation of filamentary bundles in turbulent molecular
  clouds The formation of filamentary bundles in turbulent molecular clouds
G2 modelled as a mass-losing source of gas G2 modelled as a mass-losing source of gas
Supernova-driven galactic winds Supernova-driven galactic winds
Dark-halo spheroid conspiracy The Dark Halo-Spheroid Conspiracy and the Origin of Elliptical Galaxies
Julius Donnert receives PhD award of AG Phd Award 2012 of the Astronomische Gesellschaft
CAST group outing 2012 CAST group outing 2012
Evolution of the Galactic Centre Cloud G2 Evolution of the Galactic Centre Cloud G2
Dr.Hanna Kotarba receives the Universe PhD award Universe Cluster PhD Thesis Award 2011
Evolution of Molecular Clouds in Spiral Galaxies Evolution of Molecular Clouds in Spiral Galaxies by Clare Dobbs
Globular Clusters vs. Black Hole Mass Relation Globular Clusters Black Hole Correlation by Andreas Burkert
Cosmological Resimulations Cosmological Resimulations by Ludwig Oser
Star Formation in the Galactic Centre Star Formation in the Galactic Centre by Christian Alig
A New Model for the Antennae Galaxies A New Model for the Antennae Galaxies by Simon Karl
Simulating the Bullet Cluster Simulating the Bullet Cluster by Chiara Mastropietro
Triggered Star Formation Triggered Star Formation by Matthias Gritschneder
The Mystery of Sedna The Mystery of Sedna by Hagen Schulte in den Bäumen
The Formation of Fossil Galaxy Groups The Formation of Fossil Galaxy Groups in the hierarchical Universe by Elena D'Onghia
Molecular Cloud Formation in Colliding Flows Molecular Cloud Formation in Colliding Flows by Fabian Heitsch
Planet-Disk Interaction Comparison of hydro codes on planet-disk interaction problem by Pawel Ciecielag
Galactic Orbits Orbital Structure of Galaxies in N-Body Simulations by Roland Jesseit

by Manuel Behrendt

The GIF animation illustrates the how many smaller clumps merge to giant single objects with decreasing observational resolution.
(Line of sight  gas surface density (linear scaling) of a simulated galaxy observed at an inclination of 60°)
The GIF animation illustrates how clusters of many smaller clumps
merge to giant single objects with decreasing observational resolution.
 

Giant clumps are a characteristic feature of observed high-redshift disk galaxies. We propose that these kiloparsec- sized clumps have a complex substructure and are the result of many smaller clumps self-organizing themselves into clump clusters (CCs). This bottom-up scenario is in contrast to the common top-down view that these giant clumps form first and then sub-fragment. Using a high-resolution hydrodynamical simulation of an isolated, fragmented massive gas disk and mimicking the observations from Genzel et al. at z = 2, we find remarkable agreement in many details. The CCs appear as single entities of sizes RHWHM = 0.9–1.4 kpc and masses (1.5–3) x 10^9 Msun, representative of high-z observations. They are organized in a ring around the center of the galaxy. The origin of the observed clumps’ high intrinsic velocity dispersion 50–100 km/s is fully explained by the internal irregular motions of their substructure in our simulation. No additional energy input, e.g., via stellar feedback, is necessary. Furthermore, in agreement with observations, we find a small velocity gradient Vgrad=8–27 km/s/kpc along the CCs in the beam-smeared velocity residual maps, which corresponds to net prograde and retrograde rotation with respect to the rotation of the galactic disk. The CC scenario could have strong implications for the internal evolution, lifetimes, and the migration timescales of the observed giant clumps, bulge growth, and active galactic nucleus activity, stellar feedback, and the chemical enrichment history of galactic disks.

Letter: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016ApJ...819L...2B
Paper: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015MNRAS.448.1007B

 

 

Highlights

  The central parsecs of the low-luminosity active galaxy NGC 1052: evidence for a truncated accretion disc
   A UNIQUE DATA CENTRE FOR COSMOLOGICAL SIMULATIONS
Clusters of Small Clumps in High-Redshift Disk Galaxies
Magneticum Pathfinder: The evolution of the universe in an unmatched extend
The complex Interplay between Spin, Mass, and Morphology in Galaxies The complex Interplay between Spin, Mass, and Morphology in Galaxies
Magneticum sheds new light on recently discovered Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs) Magneticum sheds new light on recently discovered Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs)
A Disk-Disk Major Merger Event in a Cosmological Hydrodynamical Zoom-Simulation A Disk-Disk Major Merger Event in a  Cosmological Hydrodynamical Zoom-Simulation
The formation of filamentary bundles in turbulent molecular
  clouds The formation of filamentary bundles in turbulent molecular clouds
G2 modelled as a mass-losing source of gas G2 modelled as a mass-losing source of gas
Supernova-driven galactic winds Supernova-driven galactic winds
Dark-halo spheroid conspiracy The Dark Halo-Spheroid Conspiracy and the Origin of Elliptical Galaxies
Julius Donnert receives PhD award of AG Phd Award 2012 of the Astronomische Gesellschaft
CAST group outing 2012 CAST group outing 2012
Evolution of the Galactic Centre Cloud G2 Evolution of the Galactic Centre Cloud G2
Dr.Hanna Kotarba receives the Universe PhD award Universe Cluster PhD Thesis Award 2011
Evolution of Molecular Clouds in Spiral Galaxies Evolution of Molecular Clouds in Spiral Galaxies by Clare Dobbs
Globular Clusters vs. Black Hole Mass Relation Globular Clusters Black Hole Correlation by Andreas Burkert
Cosmological Resimulations Cosmological Resimulations by Ludwig Oser
Star Formation in the Galactic Centre Star Formation in the Galactic Centre by Christian Alig
A New Model for the Antennae Galaxies A New Model for the Antennae Galaxies by Simon Karl
Simulating the Bullet Cluster Simulating the Bullet Cluster by Chiara Mastropietro
Triggered Star Formation Triggered Star Formation by Matthias Gritschneder
The Mystery of Sedna The Mystery of Sedna by Hagen Schulte in den Bäumen
The Formation of Fossil Galaxy Groups The Formation of Fossil Galaxy Groups in the hierarchical Universe by Elena D'Onghia
Molecular Cloud Formation in Colliding Flows Molecular Cloud Formation in Colliding Flows by Fabian Heitsch
Planet-Disk Interaction Comparison of hydro codes on planet-disk interaction problem by Pawel Ciecielag
Galactic Orbits Orbital Structure of Galaxies in N-Body Simulations by Roland Jesseit

Dr. Hanna Kotarba receives the Universe Cluster PhD Thesis Award 2011

Hanna Kotarba receives the Universe Cluster PhD award



Hanna Kotarba received the Universe Cluster PhD award in the category "Theory" for her work on the "Magnetic field evolution in isolated and interacting spiral galaxies" under supervision of Prof. Harald Lesch.

Congratulations, Hanna! 
















 

 

 

Highlights

  The central parsecs of the low-luminosity active galaxy NGC 1052: evidence for a truncated accretion disc
   A UNIQUE DATA CENTRE FOR COSMOLOGICAL SIMULATIONS
Clusters of Small Clumps in High-Redshift Disk Galaxies
Magneticum Pathfinder: The evolution of the universe in an unmatched extend
The complex Interplay between Spin, Mass, and Morphology in Galaxies The complex Interplay between Spin, Mass, and Morphology in Galaxies
Magneticum sheds new light on recently discovered Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs) Magneticum sheds new light on recently discovered Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs)
A Disk-Disk Major Merger Event in a Cosmological Hydrodynamical Zoom-Simulation A Disk-Disk Major Merger Event in a  Cosmological Hydrodynamical Zoom-Simulation
The formation of filamentary bundles in turbulent molecular
  clouds The formation of filamentary bundles in turbulent molecular clouds
G2 modelled as a mass-losing source of gas G2 modelled as a mass-losing source of gas
Supernova-driven galactic winds Supernova-driven galactic winds
Dark-halo spheroid conspiracy The Dark Halo-Spheroid Conspiracy and the Origin of Elliptical Galaxies
Julius Donnert receives PhD award of AG Phd Award 2012 of the Astronomische Gesellschaft
CAST group outing 2012 CAST group outing 2012
Evolution of the Galactic Centre Cloud G2 Evolution of the Galactic Centre Cloud G2
Dr.Hanna Kotarba receives the Universe PhD award Universe Cluster PhD Thesis Award 2011
Evolution of Molecular Clouds in Spiral Galaxies Evolution of Molecular Clouds in Spiral Galaxies by Clare Dobbs
Globular Clusters vs. Black Hole Mass Relation Globular Clusters Black Hole Correlation by Andreas Burkert
Cosmological Resimulations Cosmological Resimulations by Ludwig Oser
Star Formation in the Galactic Centre Star Formation in the Galactic Centre by Christian Alig
A New Model for the Antennae Galaxies A New Model for the Antennae Galaxies by Simon Karl
Simulating the Bullet Cluster Simulating the Bullet Cluster by Chiara Mastropietro
Triggered Star Formation Triggered Star Formation by Matthias Gritschneder
The Mystery of Sedna The Mystery of Sedna by Hagen Schulte in den Bäumen
The Formation of Fossil Galaxy Groups The Formation of Fossil Galaxy Groups in the hierarchical Universe by Elena D'Onghia
Molecular Cloud Formation in Colliding Flows Molecular Cloud Formation in Colliding Flows by Fabian Heitsch
Planet-Disk Interaction Comparison of hydro codes on planet-disk interaction problem by Pawel Ciecielag
Galactic Orbits Orbital Structure of Galaxies in N-Body Simulations by Roland Jesseit